Friday, October 22, 2010
For All the Saints: Philip of Heraclea & Companions
People are still being martyred in the present day. Physically, believe it or not in many parts of the world, and mentally elsewhere. Prepare for it because it is likely to happen to you, and maybe it already has, in some way, shape or form.
The following account is from the work of another saint, Alphonsus de Liguori's Victories of the Martyr's. Does St. Al's name sound familiar to you? It should because I shared something else he wrote right before I went on vacation this past summer.
Would you think me macabre if I told you that I find tales of this sort motivating? Well, I do. Because these three men didn't abide by the dictum that "a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush." Instead, they are faith-filled and fearless men. After all, as a famous Marine once screamed, "Come on you sons of bitches, do you want to live forever?" So let's wade in to a triple play of Christian courage, shall we?
St. Philip was elected Bishop of Heraclea, the metropolis of Thrace, in consequence of his extraordinary virtue; and so fully did he correspond to the expectation of his people, that, while they tenderly loved him, there was not one among his flock who was not the object of his most affectionate pastoral solicitude. But there were two of his disciples whom he loved with peculiar affection—Severus, a priest, and Hermes, a deacon, whom he afterwords had companions of his martyrdom.
In the persecution of Diocletian he was advised to retire from the city. This, however, he refused to do, saying that he wished to conform to the dispensations of God, who knows how to reward those who suffer for his love, and that consequently he feared not the threats or torments of the tyrant.
The audacity of this Bishop. And fearless? The governor decides to lie in wait and call his bluff.
In the year 304, the saint was one day preaching to his people upon the necessity of patience and resignation, when a soldier, by the order of Bassus, the governor, entered the church, and having commanded the people to retire, shut the doors and sealed them; upon which Philip said to him: "Dost thou think that God dwelleth in these walls, and not rather in our souls?"
I don't know about you, but I'm starting to hear strains of Tom Petty singing I Won't Back Down. Man, Philip might even have looked like Tom Petty! Back to the story,
Philip, although unable to enter the church, was unwilling to abandon it altogether, and remained at the door with his people. Separating the good from the bad, he exhorted the former to remain constant in the faith, and called upon the latter to return to God by sincere repentance.
"Seperating the good from the bad..." Ahem, Phil, shouldn't you really just chill out brother?! I mean, the governor's soldier-boy is here and he's mighty important, and looking kind of serious. What if the governor himself comes?
Bassus, (I warned you Phil!) finding them assembled, caused them to be arrested, and having demanded who was their master, Philip answered: "I am he."
The governor said: "Hast thou not heard the edict of the emperor, that in no place shall the Christians be assembled, but shall sacrifice to the gods, or perish?" He then commanded that the gold and silver vessels, together with the books that treated of the Christian law, should be delivered up; otherwise that recourse would be had to torture.
I told you a bluff was going to be called. But Philip has a mind of his own, see, and a heart that belongs to the Lord because,
Philip replied: "For my part, I am willing to suffer in this my body, tottering with age, whatever thou canst inflict; but abandon thou the thought of having any control over my spirit. The sacred vessels are at thy disposal; but it shall be my care to prevent the holy books from falling into thy hands."
In other words, you can kill the body, but not the spirit. Hmmm, where have I heard that before? Right! Matthew 10:28. And what effect does this have?
Bassus, infuriated at this answer, called forward the executioners, and caused the saint to undergo a cruel and protracted torture.
He didn't waste any time, did he? Kind of like NPR in the firing of Juan Williams.
The deacon, Hermes, witnessing the agonies of his bishop, told the governor that, although he were possessed of all the holy books, good Christians would never fail to teach Jesus Christ to others, and to render him the honor he deserves. After these words the holy deacon was most cruelly scourged.
Oh, you expected kow-towing and capitulation, did you? Heh, civilians. Not to be outdone by the bishops subaltern,
Bassus commanded that the sacred vessels should be removed from the sacristy, that the Scriptures should be burned, and that Philip, with the other prisoners, should be led by the soldiers to the forum, to be executed, in order that the pagans should be gladdened and the Christians affrighted by the spectacle.
Power...it's all about the power. And our shining heroes would have nothing to do with bending their knees unto the temporal power of a mere despot.
Philip, having arrived at the forum, and being informed of the burning of the Scriptures, spoke at length to the people of the eternal fire prepared by God for the wicked.
Get that? Philip believes in Hell. And the really crazy thing? He prefers Heaven. And just when he was getting, ahem, warmed up,
During this discourse, a pagan priest, called Cataphronius, came carrying some meats that had been sacrificed to the idols. Hermes, seeing him, exclaimed: "This diabolical food hath been brought, that we, being forced to eat it, may be contaminated!" St. Philip desired him to be calm.
The good Bishop, in the face of certain death, tells the good Deacon to remain calm. I wonder what scheme the governor is planning next.
In the mean time the governor, arriving at the forum again, commanded the holy bishop to sacrifice to his gods.
Why be subtle, right? And was Philip impressed? Not hardly.
The saint asked: " Being a Christian, how can I sacrifice to marble?" "Sacrifice at least to the emperor," said Bassus. "My religion," said the saint, "commands me to honor the princes, but teaches me that sacrifice is due to God alone."
An in an effort to seem reasonable, the governor said,
"But doth not this beauteous statue of Fortune," said the governor, "deserve a victim?"
The saint replied: "It may receive that honor from thy hands, since thou dost adore it; but it shall not from mine."
Uh-oh, the governor thought, this wise-acre of a Christian is calling my bluff! I blinked once but I'll give him another chance.
"Let then," urged Bassus, "this fine figure of Hercules move thee."
Whereupon Philip makes an audacious speech and,
Here the holy bishop, raising his voice, rebuked the insanity of those who worship as gods statues that, being taken from the earth, like earth should be trodden upon, not adored.
Much to the consternation of the governor, who seems to be begging now as we see when,
Bassus, turning to Hermes, asked him if he at least would sacrifice. The holy deacon resolutely answered that he was a Christian, and could not do so; and having been told that, should he continue obstinate, he would be cast into flames, replied: "Thou dost threaten me with flames that last but for a short time, because thou art ignorant of the strength of those eternal flames in which the followers of the devil shall burn."
Uh-oh, stand-by for the good part,
Bassus, exasperated at the constancy of the saints, remanded them to prison. As they went along, the insolent rabble frequently pushed the venerable and aged bishop, so as to throw him down, but he with joyous looks quietly raised himself again.
Those would be the actions of the crowd of reasonable, though "god-fearing" idolators. Warms the cockles of your heart, doesn't it?
Meanwhile the term of Bassus' government having expired, Justin, his successor, arrived at Heraclea.
And then term limits kicked in and everyone lived happily ever after. Right? Dream on, because the new guy on the job has something to prove. Because,
He was a much more cruel man than his predecessor. St. Philip, having been brought before him, was told that if he would not sacrifice, he should, notwithstanding his extreme age, have to suffer tortures that were intolerable even to youth.
And here, the drama continues to unfold.
The venerable bishop replied: "Ye, for fear of a short punishment, obey men: how much more ought we to obey God, who visits evil-doers with eternal torments? Thou mayest torture, but canst never induce me to sacrifice."
Justin: "I shall command thee to be dragged by the feet through the streets of the city."
Philip: "God grant that it may be so." The bloody threat was executed; yet the saint did not die in that torment, but his body was torn to pieces, and in the arms of the brethren he was carried back to prison.
Why am I thinking of the movie Hard to Kill? Surely the old Bishops companions will bend to the governor's will after this near death experience.
After this, the governor called before him Hermes the deacon, whom he exhorted to sacrifice, in order to escape the torments that were being prepared. But the saint replied : "I cannot sacrifice and betray my faith; do, therefore, according to thy pleasure—tear my body to pieces."
"Thou speakest thus," said Justin: "because thou knowest not the pains that await thee; upon a trial thou shalt repent."
Hermes: "Atrocious though they may be, Jesus Christ, for whose love I am about to suffer, will render them not only light, but sweet."
Justin sent him also to prison, where the saints remained for seven months.
Justin must have been thinking that these guys are on to something. Maybe he wanted to study it, or maybe more pressing matters came about which led him to forget about these three pesky Christians. The parishoners were probably underground by this time. After seven months of waiting,
Thence he sent them before him to Adrianople, and upon his arrival again summoned Philip to his presence, intimating to him that he had deferred his execution in the hope that, upon mature consideration, he would sacrifice.
Surely, you've had plenty of time to see the reasonableness of the governments position. But Philip plays the man and,
The saint boldly replied: "I have already told thee that I am a Christian, and I will always say the same. I will not sacrifice to statues, but only to that God to whom I have consecrated my entire being."
I sense the denouement coming on.
Angered by this reply, the judge ordered him to be stripped and scourged until the bones and bowels were laid bare. The aged bishop suffered this torture with so much courage, that Justin himself was astonished.
Justin must have been thinking "why won't you die?!"
Three days afterwards he was again summoned before the tyrant, who inquired why it was that with so much temerity he continued to disregard the imperial edicts.
The saint replied: "That which animates me is not rashness, but the love I bear my God, who one day shall judge me. In worldly matters I have invariably obeyed the rulers, but now the question is, whether I will prefer earth to heaven. I am a Christian, and cannot sacrifice to thy gods."
These Christians are damned inflexible. Well, inflexible maybe, but surely not damned. Maybe they're just gung-ho.
Seeing that he could not shake the constancy of the holy bishop, Justin, turning to Hermes, said: " This old man is weary of life, but thou shouldst not be so reckless of it: offer sacrifice, and consult thy safety."
Justin figures ol' Phil is suicidal, so he appeals to the younger Deacon. Would you believe that Hermes takes this as an opportunity to school Justin in reality?
Hermes began to show the impiety of idolatry, but Justin hastily interrupted him, saying: " Thou speakest as if thou wouldst persuade me to become a Christian."
"I earnestly desire," said the saint, " that this should happen not only to thee, but to all those who hear me."
Wow! Way to be a witness Deke, and way to try and save a soul too! Not that Justin cared, but that is never the point is it? Hermes and Philip didn't answer to Justin, but to Our Lord.
Finally, the tyrant, perceiving that he could not win over these generous confessors, pronounced sentence in the following manner:
"We command that Philip and Hermes, for having contemned the imperial edicts, shall be burned alive."
Time to get this over with.
Sentence having been pronounced, the saints proceeded to the place of execution, evincing by their holy joy that they were two victims consecrated to the Lord. But from having been tortured in the stocks their feet were so sore that the holy bishop had to be supported, while Hermes with great difficulty followed, saying to Philip : "Let us hasten, Father, nor care for our feet, since we shall no longer have need of them."
Now that is hard corps!
When they came to the place of their martyrdom, according to the custom of the country, they were placed standing in a trench, and covered with earth up to the knees, in order that they might not be able to flee from the fire. Upon entering the trench, Hermes smiled with holy joy, and the fire having been kindled by the executioners, the saints began to thank Almighty God for their death, terminating their prayer and their martyrdom with the usual "Amen."
Remember the priest, Severus? He was left behind, and not too happy about it. So he started praying,
Severus, who was the other disciple of St. Philip, had been left in prison while his holy bishop consummated his martyrdom in the flames; and having been informed of his glorious triumph, was deeply afflicted at not having been able to bear him company; hence he earnestly besought the Lord not to think him unworthy of sacrificing his life for his glory. His prayers were heard, and on the following day he obtained the desired crown.
And there is a somewhat miraculous twist to the story still because,
After the execution, their bodies were found entire and fresh as in full health, without any trace of fire.
And St. Alphonsus de Liguori (a Doctor of the Church) has this to share to round out this story,
St. Hermes, though a simple deacon, was a distinguished man. He had been first magistrate of the city of Heraclea, and had fulfilled the duties of his office with so much wisdom that he conciliated the esteem and veneration of all his fellow-citizens. After having renounced everything to devote himself to the service of the Church, he took the resolution to live only by the labor of his hands, like the great Apostle (St. Paul), and he had a son named Philip whom he brought up in the same principles.
While the executioners were setting fire to the pile in which he was to be consumed, and perceiving one of his friends in the crowd, he called him and said: "Go, and tell my son: 'These are the last words of your dying father—words that he leaves you as the most precious marks of his affection. You are young: avoid as dangerous everything that can weaken your soul; above all, avoid sloth; keep the peace with every one.'" The flames having risen prevented him from continuing. These details are given by Ruinart. —ED.
Gung-ho for Christ until the end. Semper Fidelis, Philip, Hermes, and Severus and if you please, pray for us.